Carbon Capture Storage
This page gives a brief description of (CCS) technology and our role in its development. Fossil fuel power stations are responsible for about one third of UK carbon dioxide emissions, however CCS (Carbon Capture Storage) could reduce those emissions by as much as 90 per cent. The technology involves three elements:
- Capturing carbon dioxide emissions from power stations and other industrial sources.
- Transporting it by pipeline or ship to storage sites.
- Storing it permanently underground in geological structures such as depleted oil and gas fields or saline aquifers.
The government programme to implement CCS (Carbon Capture Storage) involves building four commercial scale demonstration plants between 2010 and 2020 with planning for wider deployment from 2020 onwards. The European Commission is also funding a similar programme. The Environmental Permitting Regulations (EPR) is to regulate the environmental impacts of large fossil fuel power stations by issuing EPR permits that cover the emissions of all substances, except carbon dioxide. Any power station that installs CCS (Carbon Capture Storage) technology will have the details included in its permit. Control of Major Accident Hazards (COMAH) Regulations and the Health and Safety Executive are joint regulators for the COMAH Regulations which may apply to some CCS (Carbon Capture Storage) processes at power stations. The EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EUETS) will issue an EUETS permit to power stations and energy intensive industrial installations that covers the release of carbon dioxide. Since January 2013 operators of carbon dioxide capture, transport and storage activities must have an EUETS permit to operate. Carbon Capture Ready (CCR) currently advise the Government on new applications to build power stations to ensure that they are carbon capture ready and could install CCS (Carbon Capture Storage) at a later date inn the future.